C # is an object-oriented programming language that is referred to as “C sharp”. It is produced by Microsoft — led by Anders Hejlsberg and his team members within the the .Net initiative — and was accepted by the European Association of Computer Manufacturers (ECMA) and the International Standards Organization (ISO). The character # of the term derives its name from the sharp musical key, which denotes a pitch increase of a semitone. C # is pronounced “see sharp”.


“C # is an object-oriented

programming language that

is referred to as “C sharp”.



C # enhanced and updated various features of C and C ++, including the following:

  • C # has a strict boolean data of variable types, like bool, while Boolean C ++ variable types can be come back as integers or pointers to keep away from common programming errors.
  • C # automatically manages the memory of distant objects via a garbage collector, which abolish developer worries and memory leaks.
  • Type C # is more secure than C ++ and only has reliable default conversions (for example, integer extension), which are executing during compilation or execution time.

Programmers cannot convert implicit conversions between booleans, enumeration members, and integers (other than 0) to an enumerated type. The user-defined translation must be particular as explicit or implied, against the default implicit C ++ conversion operators and copy constructors.

The C # syntax is exceptionally expressive, but it is also simple and easy to learn. The syntax of C # will be directly identifiable by anyone well-known with C, C or Java. Developers who are familiar with any of these languages can generally start working effectively in C # in very less time. The C # syntax make more straightforward many of the difficulty of C and offers unique functions, like nullable, enumerated, delegated, lambda expressions, and direct memory access, that are not available in Java. C # supports standard methods and types, which offer better security and performance of a kind, and iterators, which allow the implementers of gathering classes to describe custom iteration behaviors that the client code can effortlessly use. The query expressions integrated into the language (LINQ) make the powerfully typed query a first-class language construction.

C Sharp - Features, Advantages and Disadvantages

Programming features of C #

Although directly follow traditional various high-level languages, C and C ++ and are an object-oriented programming language. It has a massive similarity to Java, has numerous programming features that make it attractive to various programmers around the world.

Below is the list of some significant features of C # :

  • Boolean conditions
  • Automatic garbage collection
  • Standard library
  • Mounting versions
  • Properties and events
  • Management of delegates and events.
  • Generic easy to use
  • Indexers
  • Conditional compilation
  • Simple multi-thread
  • LINQ and Lambda expressions

As an object-oriented language, C # supports the theory of encapsulation, inheritance and polymorphism. All the variables and methods, together with the Main process, the entry point of the application, are encapsulated within the definition of class. A class can inherit straightforwardly from a first class but can implement several numbers of interfaces. Methods that override virtual methods in a primary (parent) class require the override keyword as a technique to avoid unplanned redefinition. In C #, a structure is like a light class; is a type assigned to the stack that can execute interfaces but is not compatible with inheritance.

In accumulation to these general object-oriented principles, C # facilitates the development of software components via several innovative language constructs, which comprise the following:

  • The signatures of encapsulated methods called delegates, which enable notifications of events of a secure type.
  • Properties, which provide as assessors for private member variables.
  • Attributes, which offer declarative metadata about the types at runtime.
  • XML documentation comments online.
  • Language-Integrated Query (LINQ) that provides integrated query capabilities in a variety of data sources.

If a programmer has to interact with other various Windows software, like COM objects or native Win32 DLLs, the programmer can do this in C # via a procedure which refers as “Interoperation”. Interop allows C # programs to do approximately everything that a native C ++ application can perform. C # even handle pointers and the concept of “insecure” code for those parts in which direct access to memory is entirely critical.

The process of building C # is straightforward simple as compared to C and C ++ and very flexible than in Java. There are no additional header files, and it is not necessary for the methods and types to declared in a particular format or a specific order. C # source file can describe any amount of classes, structures, interfaces and events.

C Sharp - Features, Advantages and Disadvantages


C# is just a language targeting CLR. C# has the following benefits:

  1. C # is purely object-oriented, but C ++ is a combination of object-oriented and procedure oriented.
  2. C # is type-safe
  3. A programmer does not need to pay much concentration to problems such as memory loss, which is a worrying problem for the C ++ programmer.
  4. The assembly concept resolves the issue of version control well.
  5. Easy to develop, the rich class library makes many functions easy to implement.
  6. Cross-platform. An application will run fine only if the machine installed the .NET Framework.
  7. Support for the distributed system.


  1. A programmer cannot do low-level things like interacting directly with hardware through drivers and firmware.
  2. It does not come with an independent compiler that can straightforwardly interpret the maximum levels of language to the underlying hardware architecture of a pure assembler. It uses its byte code and the JIT compiler that is hugely incorporated into the .Net framework and is the backbone of the .Net structure as a go-between to the machine code in the place of communicating directly with the hardware.

C Sharp- Features, Advantages and Disadvantages


C# developers are those programmers who use the C# language to build and construct the code for a particular problem.

C # developer’s duties and responsibilities:

  • Design, development and testing of new functionalities in applications.
  • Responsible for regular communication with other people involved in the development procedure.
  • Implement, test and correct errors.
  • Responsibility for the design and implementation of software projects with the use of C #
  • Participate as a member of the team is fully agile Scrum deliveries
  • Provide support to end users.
  • Design, build and maintain a well-organized and reliable C # code

C # is one of the languages for the general language infrastructure. C # is very parallel to Java syntactically and is simple for users who have the familiarity of C, C or Java.


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